The Swan Hill region is known to have an Indigenous history which stretches back at least 40,000 years, and probably much further.

The Wamba Wamba and Wadi Wadi people are considered the original inhabitants of the land, and in the region are many significant meeting places used for the purposes of social contact, ceremonies, marriage, trade and for deciding issues of customary law.

Because of the many rivers with their constant supplies of food and water, as well as access to other natural resources, the Swan Hill region is rich in archaeological remains, fossils and artifacts. It has a very rich and diverse indigenous cultural heritage.